Cars produced today are essentially smartphones with wheels. For drivers, this has meant many new features: automatic braking (刹车), turn-by-turn directions, infotainment systems. But carmakers are getting much, much more; They’re constantly collecting data from our vehicles, like how much we weigh, how fast we drive, how many children we have-even financial information.
Debates around privacy often focus on companies like Facebook. But today’s connected cars-and tomorrow’s autonomous vehicles show how the commercial opportunities in collecting personal data are limitless. Your location data will allow companies to advertise to you based on where you live, work or frequently travel. Data gathered from voice-command technology could also be useful to advertisers. Data on your driving habits could be valuable to insurance companies. You may or may not choose to share your data with these services. But while you can turn off location data on your cellphone, there’s no such feature for your car.
Because of the increasing complexity of cars and the Internet of Things, data is critical to repair and service. When carmakers control the data, they can choose which service centers receive our information. They’re more likely to share our data only with their branded dealerships than with independent repair shops, which could have the edge in price and convenience.
It’s clear, because of its value-as high as $$ 750 billion by 2030-carmakers are unlikely to release control of the data collected from our vehicles. Policymakers, however, have the opportunity to give drivers control-not just so that they can keep their data private but also so that they can share it with the people they want to see it. This will let car owners maintain what they’ve had for a century: the right to decide who fixes their car.
32. What can we learn about the vehicle data?
A. It is available and free to all.
B. It tends to put drivers at risk.
C. It brings drivers limitless profits.
D. It offers whatever the carmakers want.
33. What does the underlined phrase “have the edge” in Paragraph 3 mean?
A. Be weaker. B. Be worse. C. Be better. D. Be safer.
34. What can we infer from the last paragraph?
A. Car owners already have direct access to their vehicle data.
B. Drivers trade personal information for convenience.
C. Carmakers will share the vehicle data with drivers soon.
D. Laws are expected to bring the data back to drivers.
35. In which section of a newspaper may this text appear?
A. Entertainment. B. Health.
C. Education. D. Science.
答案32.B 33.C 34.D 35.D