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高三阅读理解Empathy (同理心)is one of those strange qualities

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Empathy (同理心)is one of those strange qualities-something almost everyone wants, but few know how to truly give or receive it. In a world where self — satisfaction is emphasized, it is in short supply but high demand. This is all the more reason to teach the next generation what it means to have empathy for those around them.

What Is Empathy? Many people confuse sympathy and empathy, but they are two distinct values. Empathy is not just the ability to understand someone's feelings ; criminals often take advantage of people by appearing to understand their feelings and subsequently gaining their trust. Empathy is more than that. Not only is it the ability to recognize how someone feels, but it also values and respects the feelings of another person. It means treating others with kindness, dignity, and understanding.

Kids Need To See Adults Show Empathy—While some children are gifted with naturally kind hearts, in most cases kids need to see empathy modeled by the adults around them. It begins with the way parents relate to their children. Parents who show an interest in the things that matter to their kids and respond to emotions in a positive and caring way are teaching the skill of empathy.

Meet Emotional Needs—When children have their emotional needs met, two things happen. They learn how to meet the emotional needs of others and they are anchored in what they are receiving, meaning that they are secure enough to give to others when the need arises but first they need to receive. An empty jug cannot fill a cup.

It's a good idea to talk to kids about emotions and how other people experience them. Give their emotions names (for example, jealousy, anger, and love) and teach them that these are normal. Talk to them about how to handle emotions in a positive way and point out situations where other people are experiencing emotions. Teach them about respecting the emotions of others and show them how to act in a situation where a response is required.

32. Why are the next generation taught to have empathy?

A. People tend to center themselves. B. Everyone needs empathy.

C. Empathy is a strange quality. D. It's better to give than to receive.

33. Which situation can empathy be used in?

A. When a mathematician is calculating the area of a farmland.

B. When a teacher is comforting a student about his failure in exams.

C. When a criminal is cheating a victim.

D. When a dancer is dancing to music.

34. What does the underlined sentence "An empty jug cannot fill a cup" mean?

A. An empty jug is too small to hold a cup.

B. It's a must to talk to kids about emotions.

C. Adults should set an example to kids.

D. Kids give empathy with their emotional needs met first.

35. What is the best title of the passage?

A. How to train kids to have empathy.

B. How to distinguish sympathy and empathy.

C. How to help kids finish empathy -related tasks.

D. Whether kids can be trained to be more empathetic.

答案 ABDA


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