Do you like to flaunt your expensive items? You could find yourself without friends! Sci-entists prove that expensive status symbols make you look less socially attractive.
Items such as a fancy car and a Rolex watch are often thought to increase our social stand-ing and often come with a high price tag(标签). According to the latest research, however, it has the opposite effect and people would prefer to be friends with someone who places less value on material objects.
“Often we think that status symbols will make us look more socially attractive to others,” says Stephen Garcia, the study's lead author from the University of Michigan. He adds, “However, our research suggests that these status signals actually make us look less socially attractive.”
The researchers conducted six studies which assessed how people presented themselves and how people viewed strangers. People who chose to wear higher status items tended to get a negative response, but people wanted to be friends with people who preferred lower status symbols.
The study took the role of the luxury item to see if it was possible that the expensive item itself played a part in people's reactions. The definition of a status symbol changed based on a person's socioeconomic status, but the same effect of keeping off potential friends was seen regardless of social position.
“At a social level, we may be wasting billions of dollars on expensive status symbols that finally keep others from wanting to associate with us,” says Kimberlee Weaver Livnat at the University of Haifa. She says, “And to the extent that close friendships are important to well-being, we may be unintentionally hurting ourselves.”
However, Patricia Chen of the National University of Singapore said this does not neces-sarily mean status symbols are a bad thing. She says, “Our findings right now only apply to the formation of new friendships, Status symbols may be beneficial at other times and in other settings, such as when trying to establish new business contacts. ”
28. What does the underlined word“flaunt”in paragraph I mean?
A. Show off. B. Get rid of. C. Give away. D. Hand in.
29. Which is the negative influence of expensive status symbols?
A. Lowering people's social status. B. Preventing people from making friends.
C. Doing harm to people's health absolutely. D. Changing people s consumption concept.
30. Who may be more popular among friends according to the text?
A. People who are very rich. B. People with high social status.
C. People who keep a low profile. D. People with charming appearance.
31. What attitude does Patricia Chen have towards status symbols?
A. Positive B. Unconcerned. C. Critical . D. Casual.
28. A【解析】词义猜测题。文章从第二段开始介绍了昂贵的身份标志性的物品不利于交友,而喜欢“炫耀”( show off)的人可能会没有朋友。
31. A【解析】推理判断题。根据最后一段的介绍,可知 Patricia chen认为昂贵的身份标志性的物品不一定就是有害的,它有可能会帮助人在生意上取得成功。