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高三阅读理解If you’re looking at livable cities as inspiration

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If you’re looking at livable cities as inspiration for your holiday, you’ll miss out on many great tourist destinations. According to Mercer’s 2018 Quality of Living Survey, Moscow ranks 167 and Beijing only 119, yet both provide ample visitor pleasures. Meanwhile high-ranked cities such as Kobe (神户) or Seattle may be easy places to live in, but offer only passing interest to tourists. In truth, many of the world’s most livable cities are a little dull.

The world isn’t rushing to visit Canberra or Montreal. In fact, none of the world’s 10 most visited cities appear in Mercer’s top 20. Clearly, considerations that create enjoyable holiday destinations differ from those that make cities fine places to live in.

This should be no surprise, since livability lists aren’t concerned with tourists or even local residents but rather expats(侨民). Mercer, for example, is a British-based professional service firm whose lists supply multinationals with human resources information about where to locate their businesses. “The success of foreign business is influenced by issues such as ease of travel and communication, personal safety, and access to public services, says Slagin Parakatil, who oversees Mercer’s research. In short, Mercer considers whether cities are attractive to business and investment, and have good schools, hospitals and housing while such factors seldom influence tourists.

Still, Mercer’s Quality of Living Survey has its uses for tourists, since it also looks at natural and cultural environments and recreation. It ranks public transport and infrastructure(基础设施) particularly highly, a consideration shared by the World Economic Forum in reports on tourism and travel competitiveness. This includes hotels, rental-cars and even ATM availability, all of which make a destination friendly to expats and visitors alike.

4. What do we know about livable cities?

A. They hardly offer tourist passing interest.

B. They may not be good tourist destinations.

C. They can arouse the inspiration of visitors

D. They are usually highly ranked by tourists.

5. What is Mercer more concerned about when ranking livable cities?

A. Tourist attractions.

B. ATM availability.

C. Business-friendliness.

D. Local residents.

6. Why does the writer use Mercer’s Quality of Living Survey?

A. To make his view convincing.

B. To compare those livable cities.

C. To better understand the survey.

D. To support the British-based firm.

【答案】4. B 5. C 6. A


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