New study shows that when teachers participate in a training program focused on prosocial (亲社会的) classroom behavior, their students are better able to control their emotions, and that children who can regulate emotions are more likely to be academically successful.
For the study, which appears in Prevention Science, researchers looked at more than 100 teachers and 1,817 students from kindergarten to third grade to see if teachers could support students’ emotional and behavioral growth through the Incredible Years Teacher Classroom Management (IYTCM) program.
The program uses videos and training sessions, along with role-playing and coaching, to help teachers learn management skills such as using behavior-specific praise, building positive relationships with students, and considering how to reduce poor behavior. Teachers in the training group increased interactions with students by 64 percent compared with 53 percent for teachers in the control group without the training.
“Emotional regulation is the ability to recognize what behavior is appropriate in the present situation,” says Wendy Reinke, professor in the College of Education at the University of Missouri. “For example, a student might have difficulty controlling the feeling of anger if he or she becomes annoyed with another student. But under this program, the teacher encourages them to move to a different spot in the classroom, effectively teaching them that sometimes stepping away and taking a break is a good way to calm down and manage8ha8feeling.”
After one school year of using the program in classrooms, students improved their social ability and ability to regulate their emotions. These improvements resulted in an increase in the tests for students in Incredible Years classrooms vs. students in control classrooms. And this classroom management approach can help reduce the risk for struggling learners early on, which could help prevent more accumulative support needs in a child’s future.
8. What do the teachers do in the IYTCM program?
A. Learn how to identify poor behavior.
B. Offer the researchers advice on emotional control.
C. Take care of kids from kindergarten to third grade.
D. Apply different ways to learning how to manage kids.
9. What do Wendy Reinke’s words suggest in Para. 4?
A. Now it is hard for students to control their anger.
B. A calm manner is an effective way to handle problems.
C. Few can realize their behavior is unfit for a situation.
D. The program will show how to handle troublesome kids.
10. What is the author’s attitude towards the training program?
A. Positive. B. Negative.
C. Subjective. D. Indifferent.
11. What can we learn from the last paragraph?
A. Study results of the program are entirely unexpected.
B. The program advances the students’ academic performance.
C. Students in control classrooms can better control their emotions.
D. Students change their bad behavior shortly through the program
【答案】8. D 9. B 10. A 11. B