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高一阅读理解解析What should you do if there’s an earthquake

发布时间:  浏览: 次  作者:爱英语吧

What should you do if there’s an earthquake at school? How can you protect yourself when you are caught in a stampede(踩踏)? March 25 this year provides you with a good chance to learn about safety.

This day is called the National Day of Education on the Safety of Elementary and Middle School Students(NDESEMSS) (全国中小学生安全教育日). The theme of the day this year is to give students more knowledge about safety and make sure their lives safe.
A survey done by the China Youth and Children Research Center showed that school accidents kill more elementary and middle school students than anything else. The main accidents come from stampedes, earthquakes, fires and sports injuries.
What can we do to keep ourselves safe? Staying calm is the first and most important rule when facing accidents. But different accidents have different self-protection advice.
A stampede is possible anywhere. The larger a human crowd gets, the more likely stampedes become. When students around you begin to push, stand still and try to hold onto something, or stay in a corner until the crowd leaves. If you fall down in a moving crowd, cover your head with both hands. Lean to one side, curl up your body and bend your legs.
Earthquakes are common natural disasters. When you feel the ground shake, drop down, take cover under a desk and hold on. You should stay indoors until the shaking stops. If you are out-doors, don’t stay near buildings, trees or power lines.
When there’s a fire, follow the teachers’ instructions, leave the classroom quickly and use a piece of cloth to cover your mouth and nose so that you don’t breathe in smoke.
21. What should you do first when accidents happen according to this passage?
A. Run away. B. Stand there.
C. Keep calm. D. Cry loudly.
22. According to this passage, which of the following is TRUE?
A. Car accidents kill the most elementary and middle school students of all accidents.
B. When there’s a fire, you should use cloth to cover your mouth and nose.
C. If you fall down in a moving crowd, you can do nothing but wait there.
D. When an earthquake happens, you should stay near buildings or trees.
23. What’s the best title for this passage?
A. Be afraid of accidents
B. An earthquake is coming
C. Run away from accidents
D. How to protect yourself
24. If the writer continues to write this passage, what will be followed?
A. The changes of fires.
B. The reasons of accidents.
C. Sports injuries.
D. Smoking disadvantages.

【解析】
本文属于说明文,该题短文讲述了当地震等灾难来临时,我们应该怎样自救;如果在学校发生了地震,你应该怎样做,如果发生踩踏事故,你该怎么保护自己?
21.细节理解题。根据短文内容Staying calm(镇静)is the first and most important rule when facing accidents,可知面对事故时,保持冷静是首要的和最重要的原则;故选C。
22.细节理解题。根据短文内容When there's a fire,leave the classroom quickly and use a piece of cloth to cover your mouth and nose so that you don't breathe in smoke,可知当发生火灾时,你应该用布捂住你的嘴和鼻子并且迅速离开;故选B。
23.主旨大意题。通读短文What should you do if there's an earthquake at school?How can you protect yourself when you are caught in a stampede等内容,可知该短文主要讲述了面对灾难时,怎样保护自己;故选D。
24.判断推理题。根据短文内容The main accidents come from stampedes,earthquakes,fires and sports injuries,可知短文中提到了主要的事故是由踩踏、地震、火灾和运动损伤;而该篇短文讲述了踩踏、地震、火灾等事故,只有运动损伤没有讲述,故如果作者继续写这篇文章的话,他会讲述关于运动损伤这种事故;故选C。

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