Walk into any Starbucks and you will find many people with laptops using the cafe as their own public office space.
This is not necessarily a bad thing. Anyone who has ever used a Starbucks for work purposes knows there is a special appeal about getting things done in the company of strangers and biscuits. There is a productive energy in the air, an invisible camaraderie that cannot exist in the quiet of a home office. The productivity is spreading. You may even argue that you are more creative when working or writing at a coffee shop—and science is ready to back you up on that.
① . A 2012 study from the University of British Columbia found that, a moderate(适度的) amount of background noise can actually make you more creative than the silence. ② .
③ . This conclusion resulted from a study in which researchers piped noise into a room full of students busy with tests and product brainstorms, both of which demanded focus and creativity. Students performed best and made the most creative solutions when working under noise conditions—70 decibels(分贝) of surrounding sounds. They performed worse in low noise (50 db) and poorest in high noise (85db). 70 db is about the same volume(音量) of background noise that you’d find in a crowded cafe. ④ .
What’s going on here? According to the researchers, a little distraction(分散注意力) can be a good thing thanks to a mind trick called “processing disfluency”.
While a “fluency(流畅)” mental processing speed is most helpful for highly-focused tasks, this focus can have disadvantage to abstract(抽象的) thinking—you are mentally too close to the problem to be able to think abstractly. “This is why if you’re too focused on a problem and you’re not able to solve it,” said Dr. Ravi Mehta. “You leave it for some time and then come back to it and you get the solution.”
Just like turning your focus away from the problem at hand, a moderate amount of noise can shake up your processing fluency just enough to approach ideas from a more creative, abstract position. The gentle noise of a Starbucks forces you to approach your work from a slight mental distance, increasing creativity.
58. What is the meaning of the underlined word “camaraderie” in the second paragraph?
A. Silent atmosphere. B. Exciting situation
C. Lovely equipment. D. Friendly feeling.
59. The following sentence can be put in the position of __________.
“It turns out there is something productive in the air in public places: namely, the sound waves.”
A. ① B. ② C. ③ D. ④
60. Which statement can match the main idea of Paragraph Five?
A. Reading enriches the mind.
B. No pains, no gains.
C. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.
D. Heaven never helps the man who will not act.
61. What is the main idea of the passage?
A. The higher noise around is, the more creative you are.
B. Moderate noise makes people more productive.
C. A quiet environment makes you more focused.
D. Starbucks is a suitable public place to work in.
答案 58-61 DACB