Surprises often come in boxes. Birthday presents wrapped in colorful paper, brown paper packages are mailed from a friend. No matter what kind of box it is，people like to open it up and see what's inside. In America, and in many other countries, one special kind of box contains the future. It's called a ballot (投票，选票）box. What people put into the box on Election Day can change the course of history.
Elections are the lifeblood of a democracy. The word democracy literally means “the people rule，” an important concept in America's history. In the mid-1700s, England began passing laws that made the American colonies angry. The colonists had to pay more and more taxes and enjoyed less and less freedom. They felt the government of England didn't represent their interests. On July 4, 1776, the colonies declared their independence from England. They wanted to establish a democracy where people could have a voice in government.
An effective democracy holds regular elections. In America, every four years, voters go to the polls to elect the nation's president and vice-president. Voters also regularly cast their ballots for state and city government leaders and local school board members. Sometimes they also have to vote on a proposed law.
In the American electoral system，people don't really vote for presidential candidates. Instead, voters cast their ballots for “electors” who support each candidate. Each state has as many electors as the total number of its representatives in Congress. The candidate who has the most votes in a state wins all of the state's electors. To win the presidential election, a candidate must gain at least 270 of the 538 total electoral votes.
Over the years, the U.S. has made a number of election reforms. Some early reforms
outlawed (宣布......不合法）cheating，giving bribes and threatening voters. In 1870, black people gained the right to vote, and in 1920, that right was extended to women. In recent decades, laws against unfair rules for voting have been passed. In 1971, the voting age was lowered to 18. Other reforms made voting easier for the blind, the disabled and people who couldn't read. In some areas, ballots had to be printed in languages besides English.
32.What is the main idea of the passage?
A.American elections. B. American democracy.
C.American election reforms. D. American electoral system.
33.Who don't people in America vote for regularly?
A. The president. B. City government leaders.
C.Middle school headmasters. D. Local school board members.
34. Why did American colonies want to be independent?
A. Because the government of England represented their interests.
B. Because the government of England didn't want to govern them.
C. Because they shared no freedom and dependence but responsibility.
D. Because they wanted to have a voice in government.
35. What can we lean about American elections?
A. All Americans can cast their ballots on Election Day.
B. Elections are regularly held in the United States.
C. A presidential candidate must gain less than half the votes.
D. In 1870, American women gained the right to vote.
答案 32-35 ACDB