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高考常见一词多义的英语单词150个

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高考中常见的150个一词多义

1.about (熟义:关于) prep.& adv.到处=(美)around 到处
We spent the whole afternoon walking about town.我们整个下午就在城里到处逛来逛去。
2.act (熟义:行动)vi.起作用
It takes a couple of minutes for the drug to act.只需几分钟,药物就起作用了。
3.add (熟义:加)vt 接着说,又说
“They don't know.”he added.“他们不知道。”他接着又说。
4.address (熟义:地址,写地址) vt. ① 称呼 ② 向……发表演说/致辞
The president should be addressed as “Mr President.”总统应称为“总统先生”。
He is going to address the meeting in a minute.他一会儿就要在大会上讲话了。
5.admit (熟义:承认)vt.①允许进入 ②容纳
The servant opened the door and admitted me into the house. 仆人打开门,请我进去。
The theatre only admits 1,000 persons.这个剧场只能容纳一千人。
6. adapt (熟义:适应)vt.使某物适合与新的用途,情况等;修改;改编或改写(稿本)
These styles can be adapted to suit individual tastes.
这些式样均可改动以适应个人不同的爱好.
This novel has been adapted for radio from Russian original.
这部小说已由俄文原著改编成无线电广播节目.
7. adopt (熟义:收养; 过继)vt.① 采纳;采取;采用
We adopt their teaching method. 我们采用了他们的教学方法
8.against (熟义:反对,违背) prep.衬着,迎着,靠着
The picture looks good against the white wall.
这幅画在洁白的墙的衬托下显得很好看。
9.agree with (熟义:同意) 与……一致,协调,适合
Your story agrees with what I heard.你讲的与我所听到的一致。
Long plane trips don't agree with me.我不适合坐飞机长途旅行。
10.appeal (熟义: 恳求,呼吁)v (对某人)有吸引力,(使某人)感兴趣
The idea of camping has never appealed to me. 对露营这种想法我从来不感兴趣.
11.apply(熟义:申请) v.应用,运用; 适用
What I have said applies only to some of you. 我所说的只适用于你们当中的一部分人.
12.arm (熟义:n.手臂)n.武器 v.武装
Lay down your arms or we'll fire!放下武器,否则,我们就开枪了!
Police say the man is armed with guns and very dangerous. 警察说该男子携有枪,十分危险。
13.ask (熟义:问)vt.要求
The teacher asked that all the students(should) stay at the classroom.
老师要求所有学生呆在教室.
14.attend (熟义:出席) vt.&vi.看护,治疗
Dr.Paria Lal attends him.Paria Lal医生在治疗他。
If you go out,who'll attend to the baby?如果你走了,谁来照看婴儿?
15.back (熟义:n.背) vt.支持
Many of his friends backed his plan.他的许多朋友支持他的计划。
16.badly (熟义:坏) adv.迫切, 很
English teachers are badly needed in our school. 我们学校极需要英语老师。
17.before (熟义:以前) conj.才;就
It was a long time before I got to sleep again.过了很久我才再睡着。
I hadn't waited long before he came.我没有等多久,他就来了。
18.block (熟义:大块) n. (四面临街) 建筑群,街区 v 阻碍;堵塞
He lives three blocks away from here. 他住的地方与此处相隔三条街。
Heavy snow is blocking all roads into Scotland. 大雪阻塞了所有通往苏格兰的路。
19.blow (熟义:吹,刮) n. 打击
His wife’s death was a great blow to him. 他妻子的去世对他是一大打击。
20.buy (熟义:购买) v. 相信
No one will buy that excuse. 谁也不会相信那个借口。
21.build (熟义:v.修建) n.身材,体型
The football player has a solid build.足球运动员体格健壮。
22.can (熟义:能) n.罐头vt.做成罐头
Mother cans fruit.妈妈把水果做成罐头。
23.capital (熟义:首都) n. 大写字母;资本
Write your name in block capitals, please. 姓名请用大写。
Jack set up a business with a starting capital of $$100,000. Jack的创业资本是$$100,000。
24.carry (熟义:搬运,携带) v.持有,带有;刊登
Police in many countries carry guns. 许多国家的警察都带枪。
Today’s newspapers carry full reports of the president’s visit.
25.catch (熟义:抓) v. 明白;领会
Sorry, I didn’t quite catch what you said. 对不起,我没听清你的话。
26.cause (熟义:n.起因,v.引起) n.事业
The UN has done a lot for the cause of world peace.联合国为世界和平事业做了许多贡献。
27.certain (熟义:相信) adj. 某个,某种
For certain reasons I will be unable to attend the meeting.因为某种原因,我不能出席这次会议。
28.change (熟义:变化) n.(u) 零钱,找头
Have you got change for a five-pound note? 你有没有5英镑的零钱?
29.collect (熟义:收集) v. 取走,拿走
His job is to collect a child from school every day. 他的工作是每天从学校接回孩子。
30.company (熟义:公司)n.有人作伴;伙伴
You may know a man by the company he keeps.你可以从一个人所交的朋友了解他的为人
Your mum is so lonely, and you should keep her company.

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