Since the day of its birth, the United Nations has been the subject of much debate. 16
Others think that it is too weak. We can better understand this debate if we learn more about the U.N. and its history.
The U.N. was started for two reasons. First, when the idea was born, people all over the world were tired of war. They felt that there must be peaceful answers to the world’s problems.
The second reason was that modern science had developed new bombs and airplanes. 18
National borders were beginning to lose their meaning. Science would develop even more dangerous weapons in the future. Only an international organization would be able to control modern science.
Franklin D. Roosevelt, U.S. President at the time, believed that the Allies (联盟) should plan for peace before the war ended. On December 1, 1943, Roosevelt, Britain’s Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin from Soviet Union agreed to start an organization for world peace. 19
During the next year and a half, the idea of such an organisation was debated around the world. Then came the big day. On April 11, 1945, the first international meeting of the United Nations took place in San Francisco. The goal of the meeting was to write the U.N. Charter (宪章). All of the fifty-one nations at the meeting had their own ideas to offer for the Charter. 20
Every nation present voted for the Charter. No one voted against it.
A. After a long debate, a final Charter was agreed upon.
B. The U.N. Charter is a beautiful piece of writing.
C. They asked all countries, large and small, to join the organization.
D. Even the smallest country on earth can have its voice heard.
E. They also felt that only an international organization could keep world peace.
F. These weapons made it almost impossible for a country to defend itself.
G. Some people attack the organization because they think it is too powerful.
答案 16. G 17. E 18. F 19. C 20. A