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国家档案局发布45名日本战犯的侵华罪行自供说明 中英文

发布时间:  浏览: 次  作者:爱英语吧

7月3日,中央档案馆在网上公布《日本战犯的侵华罪行自供》的有关情况。此次中央档案馆从馆藏档案中选出了经最高人民法院审判的45名日本战犯的亲笔供词,包括笔供原文、补充、更正、附言等,以及当时的中文译文,并附有中英文的提要,一并在国家档案局网站上向社会公布。此次公布的笔供没有做过删节处理,只是出于人道的考虑,对其中受到性侵犯的女子姓名做了虚化。笔供是战犯本人所写并经本人签字的,均为日本战犯的笔供原貌。以下为说明中英文全文:

日本战犯的侵华罪行自供

The Written Confessions of Japanese War Criminals

说明

Introduction

1945年8月14日,日本天皇裕仁发表停战诏书,宣布日本无条件投降。根据《波茨坦公告》,中、美、英、苏等11个国家组成远东国际军事法庭,对发动侵华战争和太平洋战争负有战争责任的东条英机等日本战犯进行了审判。

On August 14 1945, Emperor Hirohito of Japan issued an imperial edict on armistice, announcing Japan’s unconditional surrender. In accordance with the Potsdam Proclamation, the International Military Tribunal for the Far East was formed by 11 countries, including China, the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union, and had trials on Hideki Tojo and other Japanese war criminals responsible for launching the Japanese War of Aggression against China and the Pacific War.

新中国诞生后,接管和关押的日本侵华战犯达1109名,分别关押在抚顺、太原两地。1954年,中央人民政府最高人民检察署(后改称中华人民共和国最高人民检察院)负责对日本侵华战犯的侦查、起诉工作,对他们在侵略中国战争中侵夺中国主权,策划、推行侵略政策,进行特务间谍活动,制造细菌武器,施放毒气,屠杀、抓捕、奴役和毒化中国人民,强奸妇女,掠夺物资财物,毁灭城镇乡村,驱逐和平居民,违反国际准则和人道主义原则等各种罪行进行了审讯。

After the birth of New China, a total of 1,109 Japanese war criminals were taken over and held in custody in the two places of Fushun and Taiyuan. In 1954, the Supreme People’s Procuratorate Office of the Central People’s Government (later renamed the Supreme People’s Procuratorate of the People’s Republic of China) was responsible for the investigation and prosecution of the Japanese war criminals. It had trials on their crimes committed during the Japanese War of Aggression against China, including violating China’s sovereignty, planning and implementing the policy of aggression, conducting spy and espionage activities, manufacturing bacteria weapons, releasing poison gas, killing, arresting, enslaving and poisoning the Chinese people, raping women, plundering money and materials, destroying towns and villages, expelling peaceful inhabitants, and violating international norms and humanitarian principles.

根据1956年4月25日全国人大常委会通过的《关于处理在押日本侵略中国战争中犯罪分子的决定》,中华人民共和国最高人民检察院于1956年先后分三批对在押的1017名罪行相对较轻、悔罪表现较好的日本侵华战犯宣布免予起诉,并立即释放。同时,对职务较高、罪行较重的45名日本侵华战犯,向中华人民共和国最高人民法院特别军事法庭提起公诉(其余47名战犯在关押期间死亡。)

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